Publications in Economics & Social Policy
Paul Garaud, Matthew Oakley
Policy Exchange's response to the DWP’s labour market interventions consultation, Slow Progress says that there must be greater conditions for in-work claimants to ensure that they are doing all they can to increase their hours and earnings. The introduction of Universal Credit this year provides the government with an opportunity to ensure that workers reliant on state benefits are explicitly asked to do more to find more work where possible.
Matthew Tinsley, Matthew Oakley
Outcomes, Not Just Incomes says that nearly one in five children (2.3 million) across the UK are living materially deprived lives and are not included in the government’s headline measure of relative income poverty. This is despite £170 billion of expenditure between 2003 and 2010. The report identifies a number of problems with the existing measure of child poverty and recommends a new Child Poverty Bill that would measure social poverty as well as household income.
This report argues that the government should increase the number of looked after and disadvantaged children given the opportunity to attend boarding schools. Using residential schooling can provide children with stability at home and at school, is actually cheaper than foster care and disadvantaged children staying in boarding schools attain better grades.
Bigger and Quieter: The right answer for aviation examines all of the options for increasing airport capacity in the UK and concludes that the best option would be to place four runways immediately west of the current Heathrow site. This would double the existing capacity to 130 million passengers, cementing it as Europe’s premier hub.
Welfare Reform 2.0 highlights Jobcentre Plus's less than successful record at reducing the number of people on benefits. The report recommends measuring jobcentres on the success they have in getting people to enter and stay in work – not just moving people off benefits. It also calls for a stronger conditionality regime for those working part time or fixed contracts who continue to claim benefits.
Ed Holmes, Matthew Oakley
Rebalancing the pay and pensions of public sector workers so that they are in line with that of equivalent workers in the private sector would save £6.3 billion a year in public spending. This money would be better spent on tackling local unemployment and could create at least 288,000 private sector jobs in some of the areas of the country suffering most from the impact of the recession.
Mind the Gap examines how public and private wages differ in local areas. It demonstrates a complex picture of mismatches between the wages one might expect individuals to receive based on their characteristics and types of job, and the public sector wages they receive: pay differentials vary dramatically both across and within regions and across the pay distribution.
Too Much to Lose finds that the valuable contribution that older workers - who at 8.3 million make up a quarter of the workforce - make to the economy is often ignored. The report makes recommendations for better helping unemployed older workers back to work, and to support individuals’ opportunities later in life.
Father Figures reveals that the Child Support Agency has tended to put more emphasis on collecting child support from fathers who are working, ignoring those on benefit who are only required to contribute £5 a week. The report recommends imposing work obligations on these men and cutting their benefit if they don't comply.
Matthew Oakley, Alice Harber
Some 48,530 children are now in a care system that is letting many of them down and is in radical need of reform. Fostering Aspirations makes a number of recommendations to increase the number of carers and improve the quality of care children receive.